CMV can produce an encephalitis complicated by seizures.13 Immunocompromised patients, such as HIV patients, are at particular risk. CMV can be transmitted via blood transfusion or donor organs.
CMV encephalitis can be protracted, but immunocompetent patients recover completely and residual epileptic sequelae are uncommon.
Immunocompromised patients surviving an acute episode can have multiple long-term neurologic deficits, including epilepsy.107
Reviewed and revised March 2004 by Steven C. Schachter, MD, epilepsy.com Editorial Board.
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